|Infancy Research in Prague 1953–1970:
Self-regulation, Individual Variability, Co-regulation
Frühentwicklung der Selbstregulation:
Evidence of Infants’ Adaptive Response System
Papoušek, M. (2004). Evidence of infant self-regulation included in infant learning and parental co-regulation in naturalistic contexts. Unpublished original English manuscript for publication in Czech language. In: J. Dittrichová, M. Papoušek and K. Paul (eds.) (2004): Infant behavior and parental care. Prague, Grada Publisher: 77–100
The Prague studies on infant learning included systematic behavioral coding of visual, vocal, facial and oral responses as well as polygraphic recordings of general motor activity, head turning, and breathing during the course of infant learning. These data had revealed close interrelations between the course of infants’ integrative learning processes and autonomic arousal, behavioral-emotional state, motivational systems, and social signaling. Observable autonomic, affective, general motor and communicative behaviors could be interpreted as part of a fundamental adaptive response system, involved in Infant learning processes (Papoušek and Papoušek, 1979). The system includes both observable behaviors (autonomic, motor, communicative) that serve the function of increasing or decreasing informational input (orienting head movements, locomotor approach, exploratory activities on the one side and gaze aversion, withdrawal, secure base behavior on the other) as well as intrinsic operations necessary for processing perceptual input and for organizing adaptive responses.
From the beginning of postnatal life, the newborn infant regularly exhibits episodes of quiet or active alert waking states with clear signs of readiness to observe, to learn and to interact. Thus, for short periods of the day, infants signal their interest and attention with widely open eyes and ears, eager to observe, to integrate information across multiple sensory channels, to imitate, to become familiar with the unknown, to recognize regularities in the caregiver’s behavior, to detect predictable relations between their own behavior and the caregiver’s contingent response.
See: Intuitive parenting